Folder filtering and Name translation¶
OfflineImap provides advanced and potentially complex possibilities for filtering and translating folder names. If you don’t need any of this, you can safely skip this section.
Starting with v6.4.0, OfflineImap supports the creation of folders on the remote repostory. This change means that people that only had a nametrans option on the remote repository (everyone) will need to have a nametrans setting on the local repository too that will reverse the name transformation. See section Reverse nametrans for details.
If you do not want to synchronize all your filters, you can specify a folderfilter function that determines which folders to include in a sync and which to exclude. Typically, you would set a folderfilter option on the remote repository only, and it would be a lambda or any other python function.
The only parameter to that function is the folder name. If the filter function returns True, the folder will be synced, if it returns False, it. will be skipped. The folderfilter operates on the UNTRANSLATED name (before any nametrans fudging takes place). Consider the examples below to get an idea of what they do.
Example 1: synchronizing only INBOX and Sent:
folderfilter = lambda folder: folder in ['INBOX', 'Sent']
Example 2: synchronizing everything except Trash:
folderfilter = lambda folder: folder not in ['Trash']
Example 3: Using a regular expression to exclude Trash and all folders containing the characters “Del”:
folderfilter = lambda folder: not re.search('(^Trash$|Del)', folder)
If folderfilter is not specified, ALL remote folders will be synchronized.
You can span multiple lines by indenting the others. (Use backslashes at the end when required by Python syntax) For instance:
folderfilter = lambda foldername: foldername in ['INBOX', 'Sent Mail', 'Deleted Items', 'Received']
Usually it suffices to put a folderfilter setting in the remote repository section. You might want to put a folderfilter option on the local repository if you want to prevent some folders on the local repository to be created on the remote one. (Even in this case, folder filters on the remote repository will prevent that)
This can be used to 1) add a folder that was excluded by your folderfilter rule, 2) to include a folder that your server does not specify with its LIST option, or 3) to include a folder that is outside your basic reference. The reference value will not be prefixed to this folder name, even if you have specified one. For example:
folderincludes = ['debian.user', 'debian.personal']
This will add the “debian.user” and “debian.personal” folders even if you have filtered out everything starting with “debian” in your folderfilter settings.
By default OfflineImap propagates new folders in both directions. Sometimes this is not what you want. E.g. you might want new folders on your IMAP server to propagate to your local MailDir, but not the other way around. The ‘readonly’ setting on a repository will not help here, as it prevents any change from occuring on that repository. This is what the createfolders setting is for. By default it is True, meaning that new folders can be created on this repository. To prevent folders from ever being created on a repository, set this to False. If you set this to False on the REMOTE repository, you will not have to create the Reverse nametrans rules on the LOCAL repository.
Sometimes, folders need to have different names on the remote and the local repositories. To achieve this you can specify a folder name translator. This must be a eval-able Python expression that takes a foldername arg and returns the new value. We suggest a lambda function, but it could be any python function really. If you use nametrans rules, you will need to set them both on the remote and the local repository, see Reverse nametrans just below for details. The following examples are thought to be put in the remote repository section.
The below will remove “INBOX.” from the leading edge of folders (great for Courier IMAP users):
nametrans = lambda folder: re.sub('^INBOX\.', '', folder)
Using Courier remotely and want to duplicate its mailbox naming locally? Try this:
nametrans = lambda folder: re.sub('^INBOX\.*', '.', folder)
You MUST construct nametrans rules such that it NEVER returns the same value for two folders, UNLESS the second values are filtered out by folderfilter below. That is, two filters on one side may never point to the same folder on the other side. Failure to follow this rule will result in undefined behavior. See also Sharing a maildir with multiple IMAP servers in the PITFALLS & ISSUES section.
Since 6.4.0, OfflineImap supports the creation of folders on the remote repository and that complicates things. Previously, only one nametrans setting on the remote repository was needed and that transformed a remote to a local name. However, nametrans transformations are one-way, and OfflineImap has no way using those rules on the remote repository to back local names to remote names.
Take a remote nametrans rule lambda f: re.sub(‘^INBOX/’,’‘,f) which cuts of any existing INBOX prefix. Now, if we parse a list of local folders, finding e.g. a folder “Sent”, is it supposed to map to “INBOX/Sent” or to “Sent”? We have no way of knowing. This is why every nametrans setting on a remote repository requires an equivalent nametrans rule on the local repository that reverses the transformation.
Take the above examples. If your remote nametrans setting was:
nametrans = lambda folder: re.sub('^INBOX\.', '', folder)
then you will want to have this in your local repository, prepending “INBOX” to any local folder name:
nametrans = lambda folder: 'INBOX' + folder
Failure to set the local nametrans rule will lead to weird-looking error messages of -for instance- this type:
ERROR: Creating folder moo.foo on repository remote Folder 'moo.foo'[remote] could not be created. Server responded: ('NO', ['Unknown namespace.'])
(This indicates that you attempted to create a folder “Sent” when all remote folders needed to be under the prefix of “INBOX.”).
OfflineImap will make some sanity checks if it needs to create a new folder on the remote side and a back-and-forth nametrans-lation does not yield the original foldername (as that could potentially lead to infinite folder creation cycles).
You can probably already see now that creating nametrans rules can be a pretty daunting and complex endeavour. Check out the Use cases in the manual. If you have some interesting use cases that we can present as examples here, please let us know.
Debugging folderfilter and nametrans¶
Given the complexity of the functions and regexes involved, it is easy to misconfigure things. One way to test your configuration without danger to corrupt anything or to create unwanted folders is to invoke offlineimap with the –info option.
It will output a list of folders and their transformations on the screen (save them to a file with -l info.log), and will help you to tweak your rules as well as to understand your configuration. It also provides good output for bug reporting.
FAQ on nametrans¶
Where to put nametrans rules, on the remote and/or local repository?¶
If you never intend to create new folders on the LOCAL repository that need to be synced to the REMOTE repository, it is sufficient to create a nametrans rule on the remote Repository section. This will be used to determine the names of new folder names on the LOCAL repository, and to match existing folders that correspond.
- IF you create folders on the local repository, that are supposed to be
- automatically created on the remote repository, you will need to create a nametrans rule that provides the reverse name translation.
(A nametrans rule provides only a one-way translation of names and in order to know which names folders on the LOCAL side would have on the REMOTE side, you need to specify the reverse nametrans rule on the local repository)
OfflineImap will complain if it needs to create a new folder on the remote side and a back-and-forth nametrans-lation does not yield the original foldername (as that could potentially lead to infinite folder creation cycles).
What folder separators do I need to use in nametrans rules?¶
- Q: If I sync from an IMAP server with folder separator ‘/’ to a
Maildir using the default folder separator ‘.’ which do I need to use in nametrans rules?:
nametrans = lambda f: "INBOX/" + f
- nametrans = lambda f: “INBOX.” + f
- A: Generally use the folder separator as defined in the repository
- you write the nametrans rule for. That is, use ‘/’ in the above case. We will pass in the untranslated name of the IMAP folder as parameter (here f). The translated name will ultimately have all folder separators be replaced with the destination repositories’ folder separator.
So if ‘f’ was “Sent”, the first nametrans yields the translated name “INBOX/Sent” to be used on the other side. As that repository uses the folder separator ‘.’ rather than ‘/’, the ultimate name to be used will be “INBOX.Sent”.
(As a final note, the smart will see that both variants of the above nametrans rule would have worked identically in this case)